Every year, World Wetlands Day is celebrated on the 2nd of February, marking the day of the adoption of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, 41 years ago in the Iranian city of Ramsar. The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the Convention was signed in 1971.
Environmental management is a global challenge to both governments and industries. Perhaps the disposal of solid waste has become the biggest headaches for governments. Accra alone generates about 1500 tons of solid waste per day, while the average Ghanaian generates 0.45kg daily (EPA 2002). Human activities including construction, poor farming practices, and wild fires among others have contributed to environmental degradation, loss of habitat, pollution, and desertification of arable lands in Ghana.
On Thursday March 28th my boss and I did a presentation on sustainable tourism development in the Weto Mountains for the Ho West District. The District Chief Executive (DCE) had invited his key staff, some important chiefs from his district, Queen Mother Happy from the Honuta community and members of local development and tourism committees to his office. DCEs are extremely busy people, so the first surprise was that he had reserved the whole day for us! The DCE and Madame Happy are exceptional people with a real passion for sustainable development in their area.
The Weto Mountains in times past was an area with rich plant and animal biodiversity as well as area noted for the cultivation of cocoa and coffee. In recent times the ecosystem has seen significant degradation due to population growth, unsustainable farming practices, non-functional environmental bye-laws and other anthropogenic activities.